When are private foundations required to file form 990? And when does the IRS make it publicly available?
Private Foundations file a Form 990PF. Public Charities file a Form 990. Both may need to file a Form 990T if they have Unrelated Business Taxable Income (UBTI).The Form 990PF is filed on the 15th day of the 5th month following the year end of the foundation. For a December 31 year end foundation, it would file by May 15th of the following year. The Form 990PF filing deadline can be extended for 3 months and then for another 3 months. Many private foundations have fiscal years that are different from the standard calendar year.What is Form 990 or 990-PF? How can I learn about using them?The Form 990PF and Form 990 are governed by IRS Disclosure Regulations.https://www.irs.gov/charities-no...Public Disclosure and Availability of Exempt Organizations Returns and Applications: Documents Subject to Public DisclosurePublic Disclosure and Availability of Exempt Organizations Returns and Applications: Documents Subject to Public DisclosureWhat tax documents must an exempt organization make available for public inspection and copying?An exempt organization must make available for public inspection its exemption application. An exemption application includes the Form 1023 (for organizations recognized as exempt under Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3)), Form 1024 (for organizations recognized as exempt under most other paragraphs of section 501(c)), or the letter submitted under the paragraphs for which no form is prescribed, together with supporting documents and any letter or document issued by the IRS concerning the application. A political organization exempt from taxation under section 527(a) must make available for public inspection and copying its notice of status, Form 8871.In addition, an exempt organization must make available for public inspection and copying its annual return. Such returns include Form 990 , Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax,Form 990-EZ , Short Form Return of Organization Exempt From Income Tax, Form 990-PF, Return of Private Foundation, Form 990-BL , Information and Initial Excise Tax Return for Black Lung Benefit Trusts and Certain Related Persons, and the Form 1065 , U.S. Partnership Return of Income.A section 501(c)(3) organization must make available for public inspection and copying any Form 990-T, Exempt Organization Business Income Tax Return, filed after August 17, 2022. Returns must be available for a three-year period beginning with the due date of the return (including any extension of time for filing). For this purpose, the return includes any schedules, attachments, or supporting documents that relate to the imposition of tax on the unrelated business income of the charity. See Public Inspection and Disclosure of Form 990-T for more information.An exempt organization is not required to disclose Schedule K-1 of Form 1065 or Schedule A ofForm 990-BL. With the exception of private foundations, an exempt organization is not required to disclose the name and address of any contributor to the organization.A political organization exempt from taxation under section 527(a) must make available for inspection and copying its report of contributions and expenditures on Form 8872, Political Organization Report of Contributions and Expenditures. However, such organization is not required to make available its return on Form 1120-POL, U.S. Income Tax Return for Certain Political Organizations.Most Forms 990 and 990PF are available on Guidestar a short time after they are filed with the IRS. Some Schedules attached to the Forms are not subject to public disclosure.GuideStar nonprofit reports and Forms 990 for donors, grantmakers, and businesses